The Mezuzah is a scroll of parchment inscribed with specific portions of the Torah. This scroll is rolled and then mounted on the doorposts of a Jewish home, usually in a decorative case to beautify the Mitzvah. We lovingly touch (or kiss) this symbol as we enter or exit the room.
The Mezuzah is handwritten by an expert scribe in an ancient calligraphic Hebrew script, on parchment made from the hide of a kosher animal. There are hundreds of detailed rules involved in making a Mezuzah that is “kosher,” i.e. fit for use. Unfortunately, many counterfeit mezuzahs made from paper and other defective, “unkosher” materials flood the market; an expert scribe or reliable Judaica retailer should be your choice for such a purchase.
The verses inscribed within, known as the “Shema,” speak of the central theme of the Jewish faith – our belief in One G-d.
Also inscribed are the verses that delineate the obligation to mount this holy scroll to our doorposts. By affixing it to our home, we proudly proclaim “the inhabitants of this home pledge allegiance to the Almighty King.”
A mortal king sits in his home and is protected by soldiers on the outside. The Almighty King, G-d, does the opposite: He instructs His children to sit in their homes and He protects them from the outside. The Mezuzah is the icon of this protection. In fact, one of G-d’s names, “Sha-Dai,” which is written on the reverse side of the parchment is clearly indicative of this idea: This name is also an acronym for the Hebrew words “Shomer Daltot Yisrael”, which means “Guardian of the doorways of Israel.”